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114     University of California Publications in Am. Arch. and Ethn.  [Vol. 20

                     foothill country above the lower San Joaquin, that such curved
                     obsidians were used among them, and presumably also among the
                     Yokuts about Stockton, as artificial claws by dancers or religious
                     performers impersonating bears. Several of the pieces illustrated by
                     Meredith and Holmes3 possess much the shape of bear claws and a
                     groove for attachment. Whether or not all thepe curves are to be
                     interpreted as having been so used, is less certain. At any rate they
                     were not beyond the capacity of the ordinary California Indian to
                     produce. Ishi, the last Yahi, on being shown the design in 1914,
                     easily made several imitations.4
                        (4) Clay balls, averaging smaller than a fist, more or less baked.
                     A minority are incised, usually with rows of small punch marks.
                     Holmes speaks of them somewhat noncommittally as sling shots, pre-
                     sumably for hunting waterfowl. Jones, as will be seen, regards them
                     as substitutes for cooking stones in an alluvial region.
                        (5) Cylindrical jars or "vases" of steatite.
                        (6) Haliotis ornaments, from one or two to five inches long, which
                     to Holmes suiggest a double-headed bird, while Meredith likens them
                     to banjos. They consist usually of a round or oval portion with a
                     neck from which two or three tabs project on each side, like the keys
                     of a stringed instrument. A perforation shows that they were worn
                     with the neck or head hanging down. Ornaments of this type occur
                     not only in the Stockton district, but on Suisun bay.5
                        (7) Etched bird bones, with somewhat more elaborate geometric
                     incisions and a higher polish than are usual in California. These are
                     not mainly whistles, as Holmes says. The majority were ornaments,
                     probably either for wearing in the ear or for holding in the hand in
                     dances, perhaps usually with feathers inserted.
                        It thus appears that a local type of culture once flourished in the
                     region of the San Joaquin delta, on which Jones' notes may serve to
                     throw light. The types having been shown in the writings of Holmes"
                     and Meredith,7 no illustrations are appended here.8
                        3 Moorehead, fig. 394; Holmes, pl. 25.
                        4 Anthropological Museum of the University of Californiai, numbers 1-19871
                     to 19873.
                        5 University Museum, numbers 1-4972, Vallejo; 1-16806, Benicia; 1-17070 to
                     1-17072, Isleton; 1-17080, Isleton.
                        6 Op. cit., pls. 23-28.
                        7 In Moorehead, op. cit., figs. 394-400, 402, 404-405, 408, 410-414, 426.
                        8 The objects recovered by Jones near Stockton are catalogued as numbers
                     1-3117 to 1-3367 in the University Museum. 1-3142 is a cylindrical jar of mag-
                     nesium or mica; 1-3355, a clay bead; 1-3352-54 and 1-3144-48, decorated clay
                     balls; 1-3117-18, and 1-3122-41, plain clay balls; 1-3169-3345, fragments of
                     clay balls.
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