1940 — The fomer CCC Camp in Acton at the time of the county's takeover
of the facility for use as a sanitarium for tuberculosis sufferers.
Caption reads: General view with kitchen and dining room on the left.
The Acton Rehabilitation Center (Acton Rehab) on the old Pence Ranch at 30500 Arrastre Canyon Road started life May 18, 1933, as the Civilian Conservation Corps' Soledad Camp, which was under U.S. Forest Service supervision. The property was subsequently leased to the Los Angeles Bureau of Power and Light, which in the 1930s was constructing the 266-mile long transmission line between the Boulder Dam and Los Angeles. (Power and Light consolidated with the Bureau of Water Works and Supply in 1937 to become the LADWP.)
In 1940, with war looming and the New Deal programs (such as CCC) ending, the county of Los Angeles took over the lease and turned the facility into a tuberculosis camp for indigent patients who were transfered from Rancho Los Amigos in Downey. Supervision of the TB camp was transfered July 1, 1941, to Olive View Sanitarium in Sylmar, then again on Oct. 16, 1946, to Rancho Los Amigos. On May 2, 1949, the camp became a separate division of the county's Department of Charities (attached to Olive View Hospital), and on July 1, 1950, the Acton Camp became autonomous.
The Acton Rehab Center opened in November 1961 with 300 beds and a 12-step program for an all-male population under the Department of Charities' Bureau of Hospitals. Throughout the mid-1960s, the courts increasingly relied on Acton Rehab to operate 90-day treatment programs for chronic alcohol-related offenders. In 1967, with the breakup of the Department of Charities, the facility's charter fell under the Department of Hospitals.
A 20-bed women's unit was added in August 1975, and 20 more beds for women were added in 1979.
Castaic resident Kurt Freeman, who taught psychology at COC when the college was new in 1969, was in charge of what were collectively known as the Antelope Valley Rehabilitation Centers in the 1970s — the Acton Rehab Center and Warm Springs, which also had been a U.S. Forest Service-managed CCC camp that started on the same day in 1933. Providing both a physical regimen and a positive goal for recovering addicts, Freeman launched the Al-Impics (Alcoholic Olympics) in 1973.
Two other facilities that once were part of the county's rehabilitation system transferred their staff and patients to Acton and Warm Springs by this time: Mira Loma, which became a county correctional facility in September 1953; and Munz-Mendenhall (aka Lake Hughes Rehab) at 42220 Lake Hughes Road, which had been a combination probation-rehabilitation facility beginning in 1959 and now was probation-only effective April 12, 1974.
Following Freeman as AVRC executive director was Dr. Richard Rioux, who saw 22,000 recovering drug and alcohol patients come through Acton and Warm Springs' doors during his tenure. Acton was now the nation's largest such facility, and Warm Springs was No. 3. A talented writer and photographer, Rioux created an effective literacy program for recovering addicts. But his career was cut short by his untimely death in 1997 at age 53. The county named a park in Stevenson Ranch in Rioux's memory, Rioux having been a leader in the community where he lived.
In 2006, Acton Rehab administration was put under the Substance Abuse Prevention and Control division of the county Department of Public Health.
Warm Springs, with 199 beds for an all-male population, closed June 31, 2011, and was consolidated into the Acton campus, which offered two separate, gender-specific programs. Renovations began at that time and were completed in September 2012 when a new kitchen and dining rooms opened.
— Data provided by Karen Valencia, Recreation Therapist II, AVRC (L.A. County Dept. of Public Health)
PU1702: 9600 dpi jpeg provided by Los Angeles County Department of Public Health.