The Harry Carey Ranch in Saugus wasn't just a tourist attraction. In fact, after the 1928 St. Francis Dam Disaster wiped out the Trading Post, it wasn't
a tourist attraction at all. It may have been used for occasional filming after 1928, but the Careys ran sheep, cattle and hogs.
The Carey family was in New York when the St. Francis Dam broke on the night of March 12, 1928. Afterward Harry Carey Sr. was reluctant to return. Their ranch manager
Clinton Harter and his wife Marian had been killed, as was the Careys' cook, Solomon Bird. All three lived at the trading post, which Clinton and Marian operated. And now, even the trading post was gone.
When the family did finally return, Harry Carey threw himself into the work of restoring the property into a true working ranch — as opposed to the tourist attraction it had been.
"He said, 'I won't go back to that graveyard,'" Harry Carey Jr. (Dobe) remembered in a 2005
interview. "Finally my mom, our mom, drove up with our uncle ...
and looked it over, and she came back and she told our dad that it was like a sick child that needed caring for. And then he went up and looked at it and they said, 'Let's move back.'"
"It was the happiest time of my father's life," the younger Harry Carey said, "reconstructing that old place, which had been abused by tourists and stuff there. A lot of people shooting holes in things ...
When he was back there, fixing that place up again, I think it was the happiest time of his life. He was just in seventh heaven."
"We were all kind of camping out while he was nailing up the boards," Harry Sr.'s daughter Ella (Cappy) added.
Actor Harry Carey (Sr.) acquired a homestead at the mouth of San Francisquito Canyon in 1916 and established a rancho. The ranch included the Carey's wooden ranch home
as well as several outbuildings and the Harry Carey Trading Post, which was a tourist attraction that included billed entertainment from Navajo Indians and other performers,
along with a store that sold Western and Indian curios. The ranch was occasionally used for filming. The Careys'
son, Harry Carey Jr. (Dobe), who would follow in his father's acting footsteps, was born in the Carey ranch home in 1921.
The trading post washed away in the St. Francis Dam disaster of March 1928 and was not rebuilt. The Indians left about a month earlier. According to Dobe,
a shaman saw "a big crack and predicted it would break." The ranch house was situated at a higher
elevation and survived the flood, only to burn down in 1932. The Careys replaced it by building a Spanish adobe home, which they sold with the
rancho in 1945.
Harry Carey was born Henry DeWitt Carey II on January 16, 1878 on 116th Street in the Bronx section
of New York City. His father was a special-sessions judge and president of a sewing machine company.
Harry attended a military academy but declined an appointment to West Point, instead trying his hand as a playwright.
According to the Internet Movie Database: In 1911, his friend Henry B. Walthall
introduced him to director D.W. Griffith, for whom Carey
was to make many films. Carey married twice [correx: 3 times; see here], the [third]
time to actress Olive Fuller Golden (aka Olive Carey),
who introduced him to future director John Ford. Carey influenced Universal Studios head Carl Laemmle
to use Ford as a director, and a partnership was born that lasted until a rift in the friendship in 1921.
During this time, Carey grew into one of the most popular Western stars of the early motion picture,
occasionally writing and directing films as well. In the 1930s he moved slowly into character roles
and was nominated for an Oscar for one of them, the president of the Senate in "Mr. Smith Goes to Washington"
(1939). He worked once more with Ford, in "The Prisoner of Shark Island" (1936), and appeared
once with his son, Harry Carey Jr., in Howard Hawks' "Red River" (1948).
He died Sept. 21, 1947,
in Brentwood, after a protracted bout with emphysema and cancer. Ford dedicated his remake "3 Godfathers"
(1948) "To Harry Carey — Bright Star Of The Early Western Sky."
Carey would appear in at least 233 films, including short features, between 1909 and 1949.
Further reading: Harry Carey Ranch: Historic American Buildings Survey No. CA-2712.