"Tough times never last. Tough people do." It's a message
you might expect to find carved in granite, but in the case of Frenchy and Carol Lagasse,
a note on the refrigerator works just as well.
The Lagasses have always taken inspiration where they can find it from their work,
from each other and especially from their home in California's Pico Canyon, the place where
Chevron first took shape more than one hundred years ago.
[From 1967 to 1994 the Lagasses were] the lessees of the canyon, a narrow, steep-walled
slash in the Santa Susana Mountains just north of Los Angeles. This is where Alex Mentry,
the patron saint of Chevron field hands, brought in the first commercially successful oil well
west of Pennsylvania. The well, dubbed CSO No. 4, was the flagship of Chevron
predecessor California Star Oil Works later reorganized as Pacific Coast Oil Company and
then the Standard Oil Company of California.
The Lagasses [lived] a mile down the road from CSO No. 4, which, with some wheezing
and groaning, still produced a barrel of crude [until 1990].* The surroundings are a veritable
museum of oil-field relics: old steam engines, a replica of a wooden derrick, the
100-year-old schoolhouse where the children of employees learned to read and write.
The Lagasses turned their thirteen-room home, built by Mentry himself in the 1890s, into
an inviting, antique-filled showcase that has been visited by more than 30,000 people since
the Lagasses started keeping a guest book in 1969.
Most of what remains in Pico Canyon was preserved, restored and,
on more than one occasion, rescued from the brink of dilapidation by the Lagasses. While
some of their efforts had financial support from Chevron, such as replacement of the
shingles on the "Big House" and the one-room Felton School, the bulk of the work
was completed with the Lagasses' own labor and money, including a $10,000 investment
during their first year alone.
"I've always had an interest in old things and what makes 'em tick," explains
Frenchy, a native Californian who in 1947 went to work for Chevron as a roustabout. A
quiet, self-effacing type who punctuates his bits of conversation with shy smiles, he's clearly
more comfortable doing things than talking about them.
Carol is his perfect foil: vivacious, red-headed and Texan, a doer and a
talker. As Bob France, retired production manager for the Pico area and himself an avid
preservationist, puts it, "She's the spark plug that has kept the history here alive."
Frenchy and Carol married in 1948, back when Chevron was paying its young field
hands $1.25 an hour ("You know we married for love," Carol laughs).
Eighteen years and three daughters later Nanette, Laurette and Suzette they made a
decision that changed their lives.
"We were just settling into a nice home in Saugus," Carol recalls, "when
one night Frenchy came home and told me the company was planning to tear down this
big old house in the canyon. I just about cried; it didn't seem right. So we made
arrangements to take it over."
The home, however, nearly took them over first. After Alex Mentry died in 1900, a
series of oil-field families, usually those of superintendents for Pico Canyon production, lived
in the company-owned structure. Some of the tenants were conscientious; others
considerably less so. By the time Frenchy, Carol and their three children obtained a lease,
birds and other less savory creatures had taken up residence. An entire boarded-up room
was infested with honeybees.
"Moving those bees out was one of the hardest things I ever did," recalls
Frenchy. For three months, he and Carol armed themselves with smoke, sprays and plenty
of netting to wage relentless war on the insects. The Lagasses finally beat the bees,
receiving just a few stings in the line of duty.
They also replastered, repainted and rewired most of the old home's interior, replacing
fifteen broken windows and spraying 55 gallons of paint onto the weather-beaten exterior
before it turned from gray to white. Another thirty gallons of paint were added the next
Rescuing the rest of the canyon wasn't much easier. In 1967, when the Lagasses moved
in, they were the only residents along a three-mile stretch that had been home to a hundred
families in the 1890s. That had been the heyday of Pico production, when dozens of
wooden derricks dotted the hillsides and the settlement itself was known as Mentryville in
honor of its founder.
Production, however, fell off in the late 1920s. [Pico Field, part of the Southern Division
of Chevron USA's Western Region, produced eighteen to twenty-six barrels of crude a day
from eleven wells when this story was written.]* Mentryville residents disappeared,
sometimes hauling their wooden cottages with them. Not much of the old boom town
remained, and what did was ravaged by the brush fires that seem to sweep the Santa Susana
range as regularly as summer breezes.
Feeling like archaeologists, Frenchy and Carol went to work. They retrieved the old
bricks and nails that had once been Mentryville. They restored several of the remaining
structures the Mentry barn, the chicken coop, even the old schoolhouse that at one point
fell into such neglect that it served as a stable.
The labor was arduous, especially for Frenchy, who by the late 1960s was a busy
production relief lead in the area surrounding Pico. The canyon was subject to droughts,
earthquakes, brush fires and occasional blizzards. Rattlesnakes crawled beneath the rocks
and bushes; one year Frenchy killed nineteen.
Every spring, the usually peaceful Pico Creek turned into a dangerous torrent. One year
it nearly swept the barn away; in an earlier era a piano inexplicably had come surging down
in its floodwaters. Carol recalls that she and the girls once stood on the bank holding onto
a rope tied around Frenchy's waist while he repaired a broken gas line that dangled over
the surging creek.
All this effort might not have been worthwhile if the Lagasses hadn't
taken such enjoyment from their living history lesson.
When Chevron personnel, both current and retired, heard about the restoration of the
canyon, they dropped by to offer help and share recollections and photographs for Carol's
ever-growing albums. From them and other area residents, the Lagasses gained a vivid
picture of what life in old Mentryville was like.
"There was always something going on," says Carol. "The town had a
blacksmith, a machine shop, even a public laundry. You could buy bread from an outdoor
bakery or get a whole meal at the boarding house for ten cents. A recreation center held
hoedowns and Shakespearean readings at night. They even had a gas-lit croquet field."
As for Alex Mentry, the founder of all this, "He was brilliant," Carol says.
"He created gas stoves where there was none before, and he engineered one of the
earliest pipelines used in the West. He equipped his home with gas lamps, running water
and indoor toilets the envy of the area."
The resourceful Mr. Mentry probably would have commended the Lagasses for their
work in restoring "his" canyon. Today's Pico Canyon is so handsome and rustic
that film crews from Hollywood scout it out regularly.
Singer John Denver made a music video here, while Michael Landon filmed an episode
of the television series Highway to Heaven. And Mr. T, the burly, mohawked
star of TV and film, bounced the Lagasses' grandchildren on his knee and relaxed on an old
rope swing between takes of an A-Team segment made here.
Most visitors to the canyon are not celebrities, of course, but the Lagasses [welcomed]
them just as warmly, sometimes hosting entire bus loads at a time. A team of volunteer
guides often helps show the guests around.
"Everyone who comes here contributes something," says Carol. "The
old-timers will tell you something you didn't know about an antique in the house or the history
of the area. Just listening to people, watching them as they sit on a porch swing for the first
time since they were kids, gives you the feeling that what we have here is worth
The Lagasses actually started caring for the property in 1966. Frenchy and Carol's daughter Nanette remembers:
"We took over the house in mid-1966, spent the time restoring the things that we needed to make it liveable years of honeybees in the walls of the two-room bedroom suite upstairs and we moved in July 17, 1967, the same day as my paternal grandma's funeral. It still took years of renovation to get the house where it was comfortable for our family."
The Northridge earthquake of Jan. 17, 1994, displaced the Lagasses from the Big House. They moved into a motorhome on the property and Frenchy continued to serve as a paid consultant for Chevron USA's oil field shut-downs until
June 30, 1995, when the couple relocated to a vacation home in Lebec. Less than eight months later, on Feb. 10, 1996, while vacationing in Arizona, Frenchy died in his sleep. He was 72.
CSO No. 4, California's first profitable oil well, was also the longest continually operating
oil well in the world when it was capped off in September 1990 after a run of 114 years.
Mentryville and its surrounding acreage were donated in November 1995 by Chevron
USA to the Santa Monica Mountains Conservancy. Mentryville is a state park, open daily from sunup to sundown. To get to Mentryville,
follow Pico Canyon Road approximately three miles west of the Lyons Avenue exit off of
Interstate 5. Veer left when you come to the fork in the road and continue to the
designated parking area.