"S.P. Train to San Francisco entering Newhall Tunnel about 1898." C.C. Pierce, photographer. Probably the south entrance to the tunnel.
From the Ana Bégué de Packman Papers (Collection 1491). Department of Special Collections, Charles E. Young Research Library, UCLA.
A thousand Chinese rail workers spent the better part of a year — and an unknown number gave up their lives —
digging the San Fernando Railroad Tunnel. At 6,940 feet, it was the third longest tunnel in the United States when it was completed
July 14, 1876. (The tracks went in and the first engine poked its head through in August.) The tunnel,
along the Southern Pacific Railroad's San Joaquin Line, linked the San Fernando Valley (at the Newhall Pass)
with the Santa Clarita Valley (in Railroad Canyon), facilitating the conjoinder in September 1876 of northern California with Southern
California at Lang in present-day Canyon Country.