West side of the dam after the break. The view is to the north. The end of the wing dike is visible at left. The tombstone — the section of the dam that remained
standing — is at right.
Photo by Hetta Laurena Carter
a few weeks after the St. Francis Dam broke.
Compare to this photograph.
Further reading: Failing St. Francis: Water Pressure or Political Pressure?
Construction on the 600-foot-long, 185-foot-high St. Francis Dam started in August 1924. With a 12.5-billion-gallon capacity, the reservoir began to fill with water on March 1, 1926. It was completed two months later.
At 11:57:30 p.m. on March 12, 1928, the dam failed, sending a 180-foot-high wall of water crashing down San Francisquito Canyon. An estimated 411 people lay dead by the time the floodwaters reached the Pacific Ocean south of Ventura 5½ hours later.
It was the second-worst disaster in California history, after the great San Francisco earthquake and fire of 1906, in terms of lives lost — and America's worst civil engineering failure of the 20th Century.