Santa Clarita Valley History In Pictures
> WILLIAM S. HART
4th Liberty Loan (WWI War Bonds) Promotion
William S. Hart

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Hart Photo

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Graphic

Published photo of actor William S. Hart selling bonds for the 4th Liberty Loan program of World War I in 1918.

Original caption reads:

THE FOURTH'S FIRST 100 PER CENT
The first business organization to reach 100% subscription of its employees in the Fourth Liberty Loan Campaign, was the William S. Hart Productions, Inc., of Los Angeles. Before the first hour of the campaign had passed, every employee had purchased at least one bond. Hart, sans his usual makeup, is selling a bond to a movie cow puncher.

Original source/publication unknown. Tearsheet from magazine? Heavy, gloss paper; two-sided with Hart photo on one side and Liberty Bond graphic on the other.

The fourth (of five) series of Liberty Loan bonds went on sale Sept. 28, 1918. The fourth series involved $7 billion in tax-free bonds that earned the bearer an interest rate of 4.25 percent.

Or at least they were supposed to. Holders of Series 4 bonds were in for a bit of bad luck. Series 1-3 bonds were retired in the 1920s but Series 4 had a maturity date of Oct. 15, 1938. The U.S. Treasury called them on April 15, 1934 and refused to honor their terms, which required payment in gold. The private ownership of gold had been banned by act of Congress nearly a year earlier, in June 1933. At the same time, the government had devalued the dollar from where it stood in 1918 — $20.67 per troy ounce of gold — to $35 an ounce. Thus, Series 4 bond holders lost 41 percent of their principal, or $2.866 billion in 1918 dollars.


BILL HART AND THE WARS

By Bill Crowl, President, Friends of William S. Hart Park & Museum (1999)

Wm. S. Hart was born at the end of the American Civil War. His childhood mentors were still afire with patriotism and the need to rebuild a nation once divided. Bill's early teens were lived on the American Frontier where western freedom abounded. Throughout his life, he was visibly proud to be an American.

Bill was in his early 50s when the United States entered the (First) World War. Though physically fit, he was too old to be accepted into the Military. But, as the leading Western movie star of the period, Bill found other ways to support his nation. He raised money for the Liberty Loan drives and for the Red Cross Records show that Hart's tours for the Third Liberty Loan Drive were responsible for over $2 million in contributions. A little earlier, in 1917, Bill co-starred with Douglas Fairbanks and Mary Pickford in a one-half reel Liberty Bond sales promotional film. Hart fired the first gun in the Second Liberty Loan.

For the Fourth Liberty Loan Drive, Bill wrote, directed and starred in a another sales promotion film. While asleep, by his pinto pony, Bill dreamed of a visit to Berlin, where he busted through a window into the Royal Palace. There, he shot it out with the Kaiser and his Huns, in Western saloon-hall fashion. After comparing the German leader to a rattlesnake, but letting him live, Bill rode off, hell-bent for leather, to buy Liberty Bonds. Hart really did purchase a substantial amount of Bonds.

Bill also enlisted his pinto pony "Fritz" in the post-war effort. They paraded the streets of Los Angeles to secure funds for the American Red Star Animal Relief which provided hospitals and veterinaries for the thousands of horses, mules and dogs that were wounded while fighting with the American troops on the western battlefront.

The 159th California Infantry showed their appreciation of Bill Hart by choosing the western film star as their godfather. They took on the name of "Bill Hart Two-gun Men." Practically every other unit, among the 30,000 troops at Camp Kearny (near San Diego), vied for this sobriquet, but the 159th landed Bill.

Within seven months of Hart's donation of the American Theater to American Legion Post 507, our nation entered the Second World War. Bill was much older now, retired and living in Newhall. However his patriotism still burned brightly, and he was still respected as an early Western movie star. To this end, Bill donated many of his personal artifacts, including boots and Stetsons, to be auctioned at War Bond sales rallies.


HS9016a: 9600 dpi jpeg from smaller jpeg of printed material purchased March 2003 by Leon Worden.
HART CATEGORIES:
• Stage Career
• Hart Films
• Publicity Photos
• Hart as Author
• WWI War Bonds
• Hart Mansion
• Hart in Retirement
• Personal Life
• Hart in Artwork

WILLIAM S. HART & THE LIBERTY LOAN PROGRAM

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1917

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"A Bullet for Berlin" 1918 (4th Series)

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4th Series 1918/19

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5th Series 1919

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