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Francisco Garcia
Centenarian Says He and Lopez Discovered Gold.


Webmaster's note.

La Fiesta de Los Angeles, a week-long celebration staged by the merchants association of that city, kicked off with a parade on April 22, 1896. With seating at Seventh and Hope streets, the parade reportedly included "floats, Chinese, caballeros, military uniformed clubs" — and Ygnacio Francisco de la Cruz Garcia, aka Francisco Garcia, who was about to turn 115 years old.

The present story says Garcia claimed to have been with Francisco Lopez and another man when they made the first discovery of placer gold in Calfornia — in San Felicia (aka Feliciano, Feliciana) Canyon, i.e., the Piru area. According to Lopez' mining claim, however, which isn't specific to location, Lopez, Manuel Cota and Domingo Bermudez made the initial discovery. No doubt Garcia was around, though; Prudhomme (1922) says Lopez showed Garcia the location of his discoveries in Placerita and San Felicia canyons in 1843, and that Garcia returned to Mexico and came back with miners who worked the two areas. J.M. Guinn, a noted historian, said in 1895, during Francisco Garcia's lifetime, that the latter pulled $95,000 in gold out of San Felicia Canyon in a single season and that the region yeilded a 1,900-pound nugget. (Subsequent writers plagiarizing Guinn say Garcia personally found the 1,900-pound nugget, but Guinn didn't exactly say that.)


A Centenarian.

Ygnacio Francisco de la Cruz Garcia, the aged Mexican who appeared in the fiesta parade yesterday, will be 115 years old, if he lives until the 1st day of May. He was born in Sonora, Mex., in 1781, from two to forty years before twelve of California's twenty missions were built, and three months before the first colony arrived to found the Pueblo de Neustra Senora la Reina de Los Angeles.

To corroborate this statement the old man carried in his pocket a translation of his certificate of baptism, certified to by an official of Sonora, that it is a correct copy of the original: also by a notary public of this city. It reads as follows:

"At the parochial Church of San Jose de Garcia on the fourth day of the month of May, in the year one thousand seven hundred and eighty-one, I solemnly baptized a child three days old, whom I named Ygnacio Francisco de la Cruz Garcia, said child being the legitimate son of Don Jose Garcia and Dona Mariana Gonzales, both from Spain. The godfather of said child being Don Felipe Carpena and the godmother Dona Serafina Carpena."

When Francisco was 27 years old he was a soldier under Carlos IV of Spain, when Mexico was beginning to chafe under the yoke of the mother country. In 1825, in company with Don Juan Maleriu, a friend of his father, he came to Los Angeles. It was then a small pueblo built around the old plaza, which lay southwest of the present one. The pobladores were then worshiping in the small chapel that stood between Buena Vista and New High street before the present Plaza church was completed.


Santa Felicia (San Feliciano/a) Canyon. Click to enlarge.

In 1838 Francisco returned to Mexico, one of a company of thirty-six people. On this journey they had some hair-breadth escapes from the Indians; himself, wife and a man were captured and held prisoner eleven days, their lives being saved by command of the chief. He thinks he left Mexico the same year for California by way of the Colorado River.

In the Santa Feleciana Cañon, some forty miles northwest of Los Angeles, he and Francisco Lopez and another man discovered the first placer gold found in the State, though this date does not coincide with that given by Don Abel Stearns and others. It would not be surprising, however, that there should be a lapse of three or four years in the memory of a man of his age.

He is especially fond of having once been a miner worth more than $30,000, but with a miner's luck he lost all his money and is now a pensioner on the county. The old man narrates excitedly that he was a fine horseman in his younger days, with the national fondness for racing, and that he could make the trip to Mexico on horseback in one month and sixteen days. He was also, he says, a fine dancer, and loved to dance the old Spanish dances.

Don Francisco lives alone, in one of the old adobes on Buena Vista street, and walks from there in to the business part of the city every day, and back later in the day, never neglecting to stop for devotions in the old church where has told his beads for so many years. His memory is better than that of most men fifty years younger; his eyesight and hearing perfect enough to recognize his friends in passing without hesitation; his hair, though white, shows no baldness on the head, and he still retains his third set of teeth.

Last year he rode in the fiesta procession with the caballeros, but this year, to his great grief, he was overlooked. On Tuesday he toiled up the stairs of the Chamber of Commerce with an interpreter and asked the privilege of riding with the horsemen, because he was centenarian and had been a resident of Los Angeles "mucha anos" [sic]. He was given an order for the much coveted suit and sombrero and assigned to ride in a carriage, and no one who observed his red bandana waving in the wind could fail to see that the occasion was one of the proudest days in Francisco's long life.


GOLD CATEGORIES:
• California Gold
• Lopez Discovery
• Placerita Post-Lopez
• San Francisquito
• Oak/Dream Dedication 1930
• Oak/Dream

LOPEZ GOLD DISCOVERY

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Dissecting the Dream: Fact, Fiction & the Golden Oak, by Alan Pollack

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New York Observer 10-1-1842

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U.S. Treasury Voucher 1843

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Abel Stearns Letter 1867

MISSION RECORDS:
LOPEZ FAMILY

Francisco Lopez
• Baptism 1802


Pedro Lopez (Brother)
• Baptism 1805


Maria Felis (Wife)
• Baptism 1800


Maria Concepcion (Daughter)
• Baptism 1823
• Death 1825


Francisco Ramon (Son)
• Baptism 1825


Catalina (Pedro's Daughter)
• Baptism 1831


Francisco Garcia's Story 1896


Francisco "Chico" Lopez Obituary 1900


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As Told by Jose Jesus Lopez

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Sutter's Fort Error 1905

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Prudhomme 1922

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Engelhardt 1927

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Francisca Lopez de Belderrain

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Belderrain Story 1930

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Who's Who, by Belderrain

• Story: Sutter, Marshall Knew They Weren't First


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