Commercial fruit drying operation in Newhall in the late 1880s. The view is looking west at Railroad Avenue (Newhall's main street at the time).
At left is the so-called potato warehouse, at center is the SPRR Newhall depot (the two buildings look similar);
between them in the foreground is the home of John Gifford, the SPRR station agent at Newhall. Today (2013) this area is between the Newhall Metrolink Station
(which sits on the site of the old depot) and the ridgeline to the east of it, where the photographer is standing.
A handwritten notation on the back of the photograph by an unidentified person describes this as "The first commerical fruit drying in Calif. / Cutting fruit
in Newhall." Another notation in a different hand says, "1885." However, if this is 1885, then the original Southern Hotel should be visibile in the background
behind the depot; it isn't. Instead the structure on that location appears to be the second Southern Hotel. Thus this photograph is probably closer to 1888; the first
Southern Hotel burned down in 1887.
Maggi Perkins (2010:45) puts it in 1890. She writes: "Growers in Ventura County shipped apricots and plumbs to dry in Newhall's hot,
dry air. ... The tents in the foreground housed the mostly Chinese labor force."
According to Maggi's grandfather, historian A.B. Perkins (here), in the 1880s, "the Earl Fruit Company of Los Angeles, Fleming & Fontana
of San Francisco and Visalia, and other similar operators, utilized the broad flat east of the tracks for fruit drying. Even after mechanical dehydration
had come into use in the dried fruit industry, it was not uncommon for fruit dryers to burn out or be stymied by machinery breakdowns.
At those times, Newhall picked up a temporary payroll.
"One of those days when the entire flat was well covered by trays of cut and drying fruit, a 'twister,' similar to the twister that deroofed the
local ice plant in 1955, came shooting down the valley. Trays and apricots, trays and apricots, rained heavily for some time.
"At the drying sheds, the cutters were all Chinese. The foremen were Americans and they were instructed by the Chinese Tong leader,
acting as Padrone, to fire employees every week or so. The leader got $1.00 per head for furnishing new employees."