Santa Clarita Valley History In Pictures

Ridge Route & US-99 | Lebec, Tejon
Also Pyramid, Gorman, Frazier Park


The Trail to Kashtiq by John R. Johnson • Calif. Journal of Anthropology, Winter 1978

Pyramid Lake and Substation Mark 26th Year by Estelle Foley, August 2000

Recollections of a Boy Ranger by Mike Shuman, July 1998

Story of the Ridge Route by Harrison Scott • California Historian, Summer 1997

Running California's Ridge Route by Harrison Irving Scott • ATHS 2004.

ACR 98: 1915 Ridge Route Highway Historical Monument, by Assemblyman George Runner, 7-20-2001.

Memories of The Tumble Inn by Paul T. Mill, November 2000

Ridge Route Series by Dr. Alan Pollack

Part 1: The Route Over the Ridge Heritage Junction Dispatch, May-June 2015.

Part 2: Ridge Route Paves the Way Heritage Junction Dispatch, July-August 2015.

Part 3: Perils of the Ridge Route Heritage Junction Dispatch, September-October 2015.

Legacy: Harrison Scott Watch Now
Points of Interest Beale's Cut & Ridge Route

Expeditions 1840s-1850s

LW2882 - USPRR/Williamson Expedition (1853): Entrance of Tejon Pass

LW3188 - USPRR/Williamson Expedition (1853): Cañana de las Uvas

LW2883 - USPRR/Williamson Expedition (1853): View of Great Basin from Tejon Pass

LW2143 - USPRR/Williamson Expedition (1853): Geological Map

LW2010 - Piru Canyon Bridge, Color Postcard, 1910s.

LW2210 - The Tumble Inn Hotel and Restaurant, 1910s-20s.

LW2190 - Climbing the Tejon Grade, 1914.

CT1502 - Road Construction: Steel Reinforcement, 8-7-1915.

CT1501 - Road Construction: Leveling Pavement, 8-18-1915.

SR1601 - National Forest Inn, ca. 1916.

LW2202 - Sandberg's Summit Hotel. Postcard, 1920.

AL2066 - Sandberg's Summit Hotel. Real Photo Postcard, 8-1920.

LW2185 - National Forest Inn, Real Photo Postcard, ~1920.

AL1921 - National Forest Inn, Travelers on the Ridge Route (2 Views), Photographs, 4-20-1920.

AL1930 - National Forest Inn, Business Card, ~1920s.

LW2041 - Ridge Route, Elev. 4,000 feet, 1920s.

HR2001 - Speed Limit Warning Sign, Castaic, 1920s.

HS9017 - Ridge Route: Serpentine Drive, Real Photo Postcard.

LW2136 - Looking Toward Piru Canyon, Tinted Postcard, 1920s.

LW2012 - Bridge Across Castaic Creek, Color Postcard, 1920s.

LW2017 - Winding to the Summit, Color Postcard, 1920s.

LW2008 - Swede's Cut, Color Postcard, 1920s.

LW2009 - Climb to Swede's Cut, Color Postcard, 1920s.

LW2021 - Grapevine Grade & Straightaway, Color Postcard, 1920s.

LW2032 - Sandberg's Summit Hotel, Color Postcard, ~1920s.

AL2060 - Caswell's Hotel, Store, And Garage, Color Postcard, ~1920s.

AL2079 - Ridge Route Winding Through the Hills, Real Photo Postcard, ca. 1920s.

AL1974 - Weldon Canyon, Newhall, Real Photo Postcard, ca. 1920s.

AL2074 - Pan American Pipeline Construction Camp, ~1925.

AL1927 - Ridge Route Between Hotel Lebec and Fort Tejon, Photograph, ~1926.

AL2065 - Caswell's Hotel, Store, And Garage, Photograph,1930.

LW2413 - Weldon Canyon on US-99, Newhall. Real Photo Postcard, 1930s.

LW3369 - Ridge Route Between L.A. and Bakersfield, Souvenir Postcard, ~1930s.

SB3201 - Ridge Route: "Graceful Turns and Easy Grades," Souvenir Postcard, ~1930s.

LW2830 - Castac Lake ("A Beauty Spot, Lebec, Cal."), RPPC ~1930s.

LW3461 - Winter Scene at Frazier Park, ~1930s.

AL2089 - Hwy. 99, "Ridge Route Cutoff, Hwy 99 South of Bakersfield, California," Real Photo Postcard, 1930s.

LW3416 - Souvenir Postcard: New Ridge Cutoff Near Lebec, 1930s.

LW2236 - Grapevine Grade, 1934.

LW3278 - Grapevine Grade and Town, Pre-1936.

AL2097 - Golden State Highway, U.S. 99, Ridge Section, Official San Joaquin Valley-Sierra Visitor's Guide, 1937.

AL2096 - Holland's Summit Cafe on U.S. Hwy 99, Official San Joaquin Valley-Sierra Visitor's Guide, 1937.

AL2098 - Downer's La Torre Cafe in Castaic, Official San Joaquin Valley-Sierra Visitor's Guide, 1937.

DI3701 - Ridge Route Road / US-99, 4-26-1937.

LW3406 - Wildflowers Along the Ridge Route, Grapevine Area, 1937.

LW2450 - Pioneer Aviator, Passenger Killed in Crash of Light Plane, 4-9-1937.

AL2088 - Hwy. 99, "Easy Climbing On the Ridge Route Between Bakersfield and Los Angeles, California," Postcard, 1938.

AL2064 - The Ridge Route Rambler (newspaper), Vol 1, Number 1, 5-23-1939.

AL2076 - Holland's Summit Cafe on U.S. Hwy 99, Frasher Real Photo Postcard, 1940s.

LW2013 - Traveling the Ridge, Linen Postcard, 1940s. Color.

AL1946 - Grapevine on the Ridge, Postcard, 1940s. Color.

AL2068 - Grapevine Station and Cafe, Real Photo Postcard, 1940s.

AL2070 - Grapevine Station and Cafe, 2nd View, Real Photo Postcard, 1940s.

LW2237 - Highway 99: South side of Grapevine, 1943.

PM0000 - The Tumble Inn (Mountainview Lodge), 5 Views + Diagram, 1944. Color.

LW2025 - Hwy. 99, "Winding Through the Mountains," Color Linen Postcard, ~1950.

AL2083 - Hwy. 99, "On the Ridge Route Between Los Angeles and Bakersfield, California," Linen Postcard, ca. 1950.

AL2084 - Hwy. 99, "Piru Canyon Bridge," Linen Postcard, ~1950.

AL2051 - Hwy. 99, "The Grapevine," Real Photo Postcard, ~1950s. Color.

LW3300 - Hwy. 99, Approaching the Grapevine, Real Photo Postcard, ~1950s-60s. Color.

LW3454 - U.S. Highway 99 at Piru Gorge, ~1950s.

LT5201 - Sisters Ernestine, Susan & Belen Cooke in Snow on Ridge Route, 1951-1952.

SU5527 - Truck Traffic on Highway 99 South of Bakersfield (3 Views), 1955.

AL2080 - Hwy. 99, Winding Through the Mountains; Real Photo Postcard, 1958.

AL2081 - Hwy. 99, Divided Highway; Real Photo Postcard, 1958.

SU6001 - Sandberg's Summit Hotel, 1960.

SU6002 - Ridge Route Road Bed, 1960.

SU6003 - Ridge Route Highway, 1960.

AL2082 - Hwy. 99, Rambling Along the Ridge Route; Real Photo Postcard, 1963.

JK0021 - (3) Views from the Ridge Route, 1967-70.

LW2213 - Liebre Summit on the Ridge Route (6 Views), 2-19-2006.

LW2214 - Sandberg Inn site on the Ridge Route (6 Views), 2-19-2006.

CT0801 - Ridge Route Dedicated as Historic Civil Engineering Landmark, Pyramid Lake, 3 Views, Caltrans 10-18-2008.

LW2658 - Pyramid Lake (SWP Reservoir), 2 Views, 4-7-2014.

Knapp Ranch

Frank Knapp, Antiquarian Extraordinaire • The Signal 6-29-1980.

JK7201 - Annie Rose Briggs' 1916 Victrola from Kelly/Knapp Ranch.


A History of Gorman by Bonnie Ketterl Kane, March 2002

Ralphs Ranch & Grocery Company History

AL1903 - Gorman, Cyanotype Photograph, 1903.

AL2094 - Auto Wreck Near Gorman, Photograph, 9-5-1925.

LW2998 - Interrupted Mail: Letter (Envelope) Recovered from Fatal Plane Crash, 11-18-1930.

AL1903 - Gorman Cafe, Hotel, and Garage, Photograph, ca. 1930s.

AL2052 - Gorman Motel and Restaurant, Real Photo Postcard, ca. 1950s. Color.

Motor-Motel Built in Gorman News reports, 1966.

AL2077 - Caravan Motor Inn, Gorman, Advertising Postcard, 1960s.

3 Missouri Family Members Killed, 1 Survives Gorman-Area Plane Crash 12-30-1964

Tejon Ranch

Timeline: History of Tejon Ranch • Tejon Ranch Co. 2014.

LW2521 - Map of (Pre-Rancho) Castec, ~1842

LW2580 - Plat Map of Rancho Castac by E.F. Beale, 11-8-1862

LO8802 - Indian Home and Orchard, Tejon Ranch, 1888-1900.

LO8804 - Unidentified Indian Man, Woman, Child with Dog in Front of Giant Oak Tree, Tejon Ranch 1888.

An 1890 Plan to Run Santa Fe Railroad through Tejon • Jack W. Kelly 2006.

LO9001 - Cañada de las Uvas: Wild Grape Vines, Tejon Ranch ~1890.

AL1902 - Cowboys of Castaic and Tejon Ranch, Stereoview Photograph, July 5, 1902.

Beale Heirs Sell 276,000-acre Tejon Ranch to L.A. Times-led Syndicate • L.A. Times, 5-12-1912.

E.F. Beale's Rancho La Liebre • Parks 1929.

LW2527 - Fort Tejon Inn ~1940.

JK4101 - Dedication of Rose Station Plaque, 11-16-1941.

LW2987 - Tejon Trout Lakes, 1950s.

LW3195 - Cowboys Ed Gibson and Gib McKenzie, Ruins of Ranch Headquarters, 2-18-1968.

LW2948 - Christo's The Umbrellas Japan-USA (California Site), 3 Views, 1991.

LW2890 - Vogue Photo Shoot at Tejon Ranch: Leonardo DiCaprio by Annie Leibovitz, 1997.

LW2600 - Butterfield Overland Mail Co.'s Sinks of Tejon Station, Multiple Views, 4-8-2014.

Tejon Ranch Development (21st Century)

Appeals Court Upholds 3,450 Homes at Lebec •, 4-30-2012.

Fort Tejon

Treaty Between the United States and the Indians of "Castaic, Tejon, Etc." (Unratified), 1852

Purpose of Fort Tejon & San Sebastian Indian Reservation • From Wilke & Lawton 1976.

Old Adobes of Forgotten Fort Tejon (Full Book) by Clarence Cullimore, Rev. 1949.

Inventory of Fort Tejon State Historic Park Collection, 2015.

1857 Fort Tejon Earthquake

1857 Fort Tejon Earthquake • Caltech: Southern California Earthquake Data Center.

1857 Fort Tejon Earthquake: SoCal's Last Real "Big One" by Aron J. Meltzner, CalTech • Post Return, January 1998.

1857: The Big One Rocks Ft. Tejon by Alan Pollack • Heritage Junction Dispatch, January-February 2011.

The Fort Tejon Earthquake of 1857 • (New York) Harper's Weekly, 2-21-1857

Plan for Hotel at Fort Tejon (not built) • Los Angeles Star, 6-26-1858.

AH5803 - Butterfield's Overland Mail Co. Timetable, San Francisco-St. Louis showing Fort Tejon Station • 9-16-1858.

LO8801 - Church at Ex-Sebastian Indian Reservation, 1888-1900.

LO8803 - Gen. Beale's Residence, Tejon Ranch, Photo 1888-1900.

JJ1002 - Tataviam Culture: Altamirano Badillo (1840-1913) at Tejon, 1905.

LW2800 - Fort Tejon in Ruins, 6 Views, n.d.

LW3234 - Ruins of Old Fort Tejon, Postcard, 1930s.

LW3146 - Flying A Gasoline Fort Tejon Collateral Stamp (Cinderella), 1938.

Home Movie: High School Students Visit Fort Tejon, 1939.

LW3276 - Ruins of Fort Tejon, Postcard, 1940s.

Travelogue: Restoration of Adobe Ruins Under Way, 1949 • Los Angeles Times, 10-16-1949.

LW3238 - Old Gate at Fort Tejon, Pre-1950.

LW2129 - Enlisted Men's Barracks (~1854) at Fort Tejon, 2001.

Peter Lebeck Oak & Grave

The Mystery of Peter Lebeck and the X Bear by Dr. Alan Pollack • Dispatch, Sept.-Oct. 2009.

Foxtail Rangers Exhume & Rebury Peter Lebeck The Weekly Breeder and Sportsman, 8-9-1890.

LW3058 - Postcard: The Lebeck Oak (Fort Tejon Historical Marker), ~1960s.

LW2544 - The Lebec Oak & Peter Le Beck's 1837 Grave Marker, 7 Views, 2001.

LW2128c - Inscribed Bark from the Lebeck Oak, 2 Views, 2001.

LW2543 - Sculpture: Peter Lebeck and the Grizzly Bear, 3 Views, 2013.


Naked Hunter Retrieves Shotgun from (Original) Castaic Lake • Bakersfield Californian, 11-22-1915

Legend of Indian Massacre at Castaic Lake, Lebec • News Report, 1927.

AL1917 - Lebec, Calif., on the Ridge Route. Postcard, 1917.

LW3001 - Cattle Grazing in Lebec, RPPC, 1917-1919.

CU1920 - General Petroleum, Lebec Station, Real Photo Postcard, ca. 1920s.

CU1921 - General Petroleum, Lebec Station, Real Photo Postcard, ca. 1920s.

LW2026 - Castaic Valley & Lake (near Lebec), Color Postcard, ca. 1920s.

LW3170 - Bulding a Snowman in Lebec, 2-5-1922.

SR2801 - Dance Hall at National Forest Inn, 1928.

LW3063 - Castaic Valley & Lake (near Lebec), Color Postcard, ~1930s.

LW3288 - Plane Crash Kills All 8, 1-29-1932; Future Sheriff Biscailuz, Future Gen. Hap Arnold Direct Weeklong Search. Multiple Images.

LW3247 - Emery M. Whilton's Florafaunium, Mult. Postcards, 1940s.

LW3308 - Air Force Pilots Sight UFO Near Lebec • OSI Report, 9-5-1949.

LW2971 - Early Snowfall in Lebec, 2 Views, October 1949.

LW3073 - L. Wines Richfield Station, Matchbook Cover, n.d.

LW2941 - 50c Gaming Chip, Top of the Vine Casino (Card Room), 1995-1999.

LW2351 - Top Of The Vine Casino (Lebec) Gaming Chips, $1 (2 Varieties) & $5, 1995-1999.

LW2504 - Don Pedro Fages, Calif. Historical Landmark No. 263 (Placed 1938; Photo 2013).

Lindbergh Goes Gliding 1930

LW2083 - Col. Charles Lindbergh Goes Gliding in Lebec, Popular Mechanics Photos Essay, 1930.

LW2824 - Col. Charles Lindbergh with Experimental Glider in Lebec, 1930.

LW3044 - Col. Charles Lindbergh with Experimental Glider in Lebec, 1930.

LW3024 - Charles Lindbergh Dines with Press in Lebec Hotel Restaurant, February 1930.

LW2950 - Postal Cover 1980: 50th Anniversary of Lindbergh's 1930 Experimental Glider Flight.

Hotel Lebec

Hotel Lebec: The Untold Stories, 1916-1971 • By Dr. Alan Pollack, Dispatch July-Aug. 2018.

LW2852 - Durant (Lebec) Hotel, Earliest Known Photo, 7-29-1921.

LW3054 - Dining Room, Durant (Lebec) Hotel, 7-21-1922.

LW3226 - Hotel Lebec, Dorman Bros. Photo, 1921-1923.

LW3255 - Hilltop View of Hotel Lebec and Adjacent Buildings, 1921-1923.

LW3243 - Hotel Lebec, 1920s.

LW3449 - Hotel Lebec at Sunset, ~1920s.

AL1926 - Tourists in Front Of Hotel Lebec (3 Views), Photographs, ca. 1926.

US2701 - Hotel Lebec, 1-18-1927.

ES1927 - Tourist in Front of Hotel Lebec, Photograph, 1927.

LW3232 - Hotel Lebec Coffee Shop in Snow, ~Late 1920s.

DI2901 - Tourist Stops at Hotel Lebec, 7-30-1929.

LW2029 - Hotel Lebec, Postcard, 1920s-30s.

AL1975 - Hotel Lebec, Postcard, 1920s-30s.

LW2211 - Hotel Lebec, Linen Postcard, ca. 1920s.

DI3001 - Hotel Lebec, Late 1930s.

LW2112 - Hotel Lebec Coffee Shop, Postcard, 1940s.

LW2815 - Lebec Hotel & Santa Fe Trailways Matchbook Cover, 1940s.

LW2835 - Hotel Lebec Coffee Shop with Santa Fe Trailways Buses, Color Postcard 1940s.

AL2067 - Hotel Lebec Coffee Shop and Richfield Service Station, Frasher Real Photo Postcard, 1940s.

AL2099 - Lebec Hotel and Ranch, Cocktail Room-Dining Room Napkin, 1940s.

AL2085 - Hotel Lebec, Postcard, 9-23-1952.

RK5701 - Lebec Lodge (Hotel), 1957.

LW3453 - Lebec (Hotel?) Restaurant and Coffee Shop Menu, n.d. (~1960s).

HR7101 - Lebec Hotel Burns Down, 4-27-1971.

LW2269 - Lamp Posts from Hotel Lebec, 9-23-2012.

LW2505 - Lebec Hotel Site, 10-22-2013.

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