Santa Clarita Valley History In Pictures

Landmark Status for Beale's Cut.

Click to enlarge.

Drive Starts to Perpetuate Fremont Pass as Landmark.

SAN FERNANDO, Nov. 3 — Uniting two communities in a campaign to mark, beautify and restore Fremont Pass, one of the Southland's oldest landmarks, two San Fernando Valley newspapermen today were enlisting the support of civic leaders in their communities.

Taking the lead in the campaign to make the hand-hewn cut accessible to motoring tourists are Bill Dredge, editor of the San Fernando Sun, and Fred W. Trueblood, publisher of the Newhall Signal.

Fremont Pass is sliced through the range just a stone's throw from the recently constructed cut that replaces Newhall Tunnel, midway between San Fernando and Newhall.

Thousands of cars, pouring over the modern high speed highway, roll by each day, just out of sight of the historic pass where Gen. Fremont first marched his conquering troops into the Southland in 1842.

Trueblood and Dredge, with aid of history-conscious residents of their communities, are accelerating interest in reconstruction of the old pass wagon trail, to be linked with the highway and plainly marked with road signs and monuments.

Click to enlarge.

Hewed by hand with pickaxes and shovels between 1842 and 1863, the pass stands in as perfect condition today as when it first was cut through the mountains. There are no evidences of slides or earth slippage which marked engineering efforts in more recent cuts through the mountains for motor highways.

Notes: 1) Beale's Cut was known as Fremont Pass for many decades, but Fremont and his troops actually "passed" about a quarter-mile to the east. 2) Considering the pass was "in as perfect condition today as when it first was cut," we don't know what sort of beautification and restoration was intended. 3) Fremont "first marched his conquering troops into the Southland" during the war of 1846-48, not four years earlier. 4) "No evidence of slides or earth slippage:" The sides caved in during the El Niño winter of 1997-98.

News story courtesy of Stan Walker.

About Beale's Cut.

Beale's Cut, alternately known as Fremont Pass and Newhall Pass, is the 90-foot-deep, hand-cut gash through the mountain southeast of Sierra Highway and San Fernando Road (later renamed Newhall Avenue) in Newhall.

Truth is, though, Fremont came through the area about a quarter-mile east of Beale's Cut.

General Phineas Banning drove the first stage through the pass in 1854 when it was only 30 feet deep. In 1862, Gen. Edward F. Beale, a veteran of the Mexican-American War, took over a contract from the Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors to improve — i.e., deepen — the cut to improve passage for wagons from the pueblo of Los Angeles north to the Tehachapis. Beale used troops from Fort Tejon and Chinese immigrants to do the work, completing it in 1863.

In 1910 the roadway was replaced by the nearby Newhall Tunnel, which gave way to modern-day Sierra Highway in 1938. During the El Niño winter of 1997-98, Beale's Cut caved in. Today it's at about half of its former depth.

The area was annexed into the City of Santa Clarita in the 1990s. It's owned by the same person who owns the adjacent Newhall Refinery site. The refinery property is intended to be developed and Beale's Cut is to be deeded to the city when that happens.

For more info, read Movie Trivia from Beale's Cut.



J.J. Lopez Story




South View
ca. 1900/1910


FILM: Broken Ways 1913


Man Walking 1910s/20s


FILM: The Devil Horse 1932


Toll House 1938


"Stagecoach" Scene 1939


Landmark Effort 1940


"Cowboy Serenade" 1942, Not Beale's Cut


Hiking Guide 1964


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